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Women's colleges in the Southern United States refers to undergraduate, bachelor's degree —granting institutions, often liberal arts colleges , whose student populations consist exclusively or almost exclusively of women, located in the Southern United States. Many started first as girls' seminaries or academies. Salem College is the oldest female educational institution in the South and Wesleyan College is the first that was established specifically as a college for women.
Some schools, such as Mary Baldwin University and Salem College , offer coeducational courses at the graduate level. Educational institutions for women during the 19th century typically began as schools for girls, academies which during the late 18th and early 19th centuries were the equivalent of secondary schools , or as female seminaries. During the early 19th century there were forms of secular higher education.
The Women's College Coalition noted that: "Seminaries educated women for the only socially acceptable occupation: teaching. Only unmarried women could be teachers. Many early women's colleges began as female seminaries and were responsible for producing an important corps of educators. Schools are listed chronologically by the date on which they opened their doors to students. Current women's colleges are listed in bold text.
Schools that are closing or transitioning to coeducation and former women's colleges that are now coeducational are listed in italics. Historically black colleges and universities for women developed in the Southern United States in the 19th century after emancipation.
Becomes women's college in A of women's colleges have become coeducational, such as H. Sophie Newcomb Memorial College which was dissolved in as part of the aftermath of widespread damage from Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans the year.
It merged with Tulane University. A few historically black women's colleges also adopted coeducation or merged with coordinate universities: Barber-Scotia College in ; Tillotson College became coeducational in and has developed as Huston—Tillotson University ; Hartshorn Memorial College merged with Virginia Union University in ; and Mary Allen Seminary  became coeducational in Bennett College , founded as a coeducational school, realigned as a women's college in Mississippi University for Women changed its single-sex admissions policy to include men in following the U.
Supreme Court ruling in Mississippi University for Women v. The court found that the university would be in violation of the Fourteenth Amendment 's Equal Protection Clause if it denied admission to its nursing program on the basis of gender. In their dissenting opinions, Justices Harry A. Blackmun , Warren E. Burger , Lewis F. Powell, Jr. Rehnquist suggested that the result of this ruling would be the elimination of publicly supported single-sex educational opportunities.
In , Randolph-Macon Woman's College announced that it would adopt coeducation and change its name. Former Interim president Ginger H. Worden wrote in September 15, editorial published in the Washington Post that it was not economically feasible for the college to remain single-sex as young women were no longer interested in attending women's colleges. The non-profit "Preserve Education Choice" PEC was founded,  composed of students, faculty, and alumnae who are trying to reverse the decision.
Two lawsuits were filed by Preserve Educational Choice. Durrette Jr. The Court affirmed the trial court's decision in both cases in opinions issued June 6, More recently, Midway University in Kentucky, which already had coeducational evening, weekend, and online programs, became fully coeducational when it admitted men to its daytime undergraduate program for the first time at the start of the —17 school year. Retrieved March 15, History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography. Clarke publishing Company. Retrieved August 12, Barber Memorial College Anniston Alabama.
College Names, p. Two-Year Colleges for Women and Minorities. ISBN Richmond Times-Dispatch. Retrieved March 4, Retrieved October 7, Midway University. May 16, Retrieved April 11, The Daily Mail. Hagerstown, Maryland. March 12, Retrieved October 18, — via Newspapers.
Neale Publishing Company. University of Georgia Press. Cochrane Hunt December 20, New York Observer. Retrieved March 27, Hogan , U. Retrieved October 20, Boston Globe. Archived from the original on July 10, September 14, Retrieved October 14, Retrieved February 18, December 15, July 2, Preserve Educational Choice Inc.
Archived from the original PDF on September 27, Retrieved July 22, Randolph College. Current women's universities and colleges in the United States. Mary's Notre Dame St. Benedict St. Catherine St. Elizabeth St. Mary St. American women's colleges that became coeducational. Joseph Mount St. Joseph's NY St. Mary's MD St. Mary-of-the-Woods St. Edward's University Mt. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes file.
Download as PDF Printable version. Add links. Scotia Seminary. Concord, North Carolina. Coeducational Barber-Scotia College since Lost accreditation in Greensboro, North Carolina. Women's college. Mount Hermon Female Seminary. Clinton, Mississippi. Hartshorn Memorial College . Richmond, Virginia. Merged with Virginia Union University in Mary Allen Seminary . Coeducational in Anniston, Alabama .Women want sex Crockett Kentucky
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Women's colleges in the Southern United States